40% of income earned by top 20%
The top 20% of Israeli households earned 40.5% of total net income in 2008. The top 10% earned 24.3% of total net income, almost the same proportion as the 26% of total net income earned by the bottom half of Israelis, the Central Bureau of Statistics reported today in its Income Survey for 2008.
There was almost no change in income distribution in the decade between 1998 and 2008, except for the top 20%, who saw their proportion of net income rise from 39.3% to 40.5% at the expense of the bottom 30%.
The Gini Coefficient, which measures income inequality, rose from 0.359 in 1997 to 0.384 in 2008. It rose sharply from 0.353 in 2000 to 0.387 in 2006. The Central Bureau of Statistics excludes residents of east Jerusalem from its calculation of the Gini Coefficient. The higher the coefficient is, the less equal income distribution is.
There are also gender differences in income. The average gross monthly salary of men was NIS 9,627 in 2008, 57% higher than the average gross monthly salary of NIS 6,077 for women. The Central Bureau of Statistics notes that part of this difference is because, on average, men work ten hours a week more than women.
Education also affects incomes. The average hourly pay of a person with a university degree is almost triple that of a person of an unskilled worker: NIS 75 per hour compared with NIS 26 per hour.
The average gross monthly household income was NIS 13,339 in 2008, and the average net income, not including mandatory payments, was NIS 10,965, almost unchanged, in fixed prices, from 2007. 18% of gross household income goes to mandatory payments, such as income tax, National Insurance levies, and the health tax.
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