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The first thing to mention is that the State of Israel does have a procedure for foreigners to wish to apply for Israeli work permits. There are the official regulations, and there are the ways these rules are implemented in reality.
For those that understand Hebrew or have access to someone who does:
And just to make sure we are all using the same definition, a foreigner in this case is someone that is not an Israeli citizen.
Reading and understanding the rules is important, but sometimes the critical points are difficult to grasp (or even unwritten). Therefore, we will present here what we have learned from our recent research, including from the responses we have received of those that had made foreign worker applications of the Israeli Ministry of Interior. The details here are as accurate and complete as we have been able to ascertain, but note that we have not succeeded in getting an official response from the government ministry, and decisions are exclusively in their jurisdiction, so you should consider this article only as an informal guide.
There are two (2) types of Israeli work permits that a foreigner can receive from the Ministry of Interior:
An open (B1) work permit, allowing a person to work without restrictions, other than a one-year (renewable) time limit
A restricted work permit, initiated by a sponsoring Israeli employer, limiting employment to the specific company
The first permit is much better for the individual of course, as except for the renewal requirement, the job seeker has full flexibility. In practice, I heard of two situations in which such open work permits are issued:
A person that is eligible for aliyah (immigration) under the law of return; essentially, this means a person that is Jewish.
For those that are eligible for aliyah, there is also another option that includes a work permit without becoming an Israel citizen;
A person that has a long-term, stable/serious relationship with an Israeli citizen. In order to avoid fraudulent use of this option, the process is arduous, but those that meet the criteria can receive permits.
Be advised that this process can take from weeks to many months (four or more) to complete. Coming with a letter from a company stating that they are interested in hiring you can be helpful. Please keep in mind that successfully getting the B1 work permit only means that you are eligible to work, and there is feedback from those that had received the authorization but were not able to secure jobs.
The restricted work permit is the mechanism used by companies that want to recruit foreign employees with a special skill. The employer must pay a fee to sponsor such an applicant, and must guarantee compensation of at least twice the Israel average salary. In practice, this is typically used by an international company operating in Israel to bring in employees from headquarters, of in other cases where an Israeli employer requires a highly specialized professional who can not be found in Israel.
In the case of both types of permits, there is no guarantee for success in receiving the work permit, even if you as the applicant believe that you meet all of the requirements. In general, dealing with government offices, whether in Israel or anywhere is, is fraught with uncertainties, and applying for a work permit is no exception.
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